Île de la Cité
When Paris was still called Lutèce, this island formed a natural protection for its inhabitants. In 508, Clovis, King of the Franks, made Paris the capital of his kingdom. He moved onto the island where many Kings of France would live. From the 14th century, they would finally leave the island for the Louvre. In the 19th century, Baron Haussmann had quays built and endowed the island with its present-day appearance.
There are still three buildings from mediaeval times visible: Notre-Dame Cathedral, la Sainte-Chapelle and La Conciergerie, a former royal palace which was then converted into a prison. The famous flower market can also be found there, along with two green spaces: Square Jean XXIII, behind Notre-Dame and, at the western tip of the island, Square du Vert-Galant.